Read the text.
The political system of Great Britain.
Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. There are two heads in the country. One is the Queen, and the other is the Parliament. Almost all the power belongs to the Parliament, as the Queen is only a formal ruler of the country. In other words, Queen Elizabeth II is the head of the state but the Parliament has the supreme authority.
The Queen has also a number of ministers, who bear the responsibility for her royal acts. An interesting fact is that Great Britain doesn’t have any written constitution, but has only a set of laws made by the Parliament. Official residence of the Queen is Buckingham Palace, in London. However, she has also some other residences in Britain. The Parliament has two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of commons. The most important and powerful one is the House of Commons, which contains of 650 members.
There are also a number of important political parties in Britain, such as the Conservative Party, the Labour Party, the Liberal Party, the Social Democratic Party and others. Each political party has its leader, who takes part in elections. The one who wins becomes an MP (Member of Parliament). The party that holds the majority of seats in the Parliament usually forms the Government, with the Prime Minister at the head.
The Prime Minister’s first duty is to assemble a Cabinet. The main responsibilities of the House of Commons are legislation and review of governmental matters. The House of Lords consists of nearly 1200 peers. The head of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor. This House has no real power but has the responsibility to be an advisory council. The interesting fact about the House of Lords is that it’s a hereditary chamber.
Read the sentences and fill in the gaps.
1. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of the state but the Parliament has the_____ authority.
2. The most important and ____ one is the House of Commons, which contains of 650 members.
3. The Prime Minister’s first duty is to ______ a Cabinet.